WHERE WE WORK
Dr. Roselline Nyamutale, Country Director
Sasakawa Global 2000
Plot 15A Clement Hill Road
Ruth Towers, Nakasero
P.O. Box 6987
See Staff section for more information.
SG 2000-Uganda History
SG 2000-Uganda has supported Ugandan government initiatives implemented by the Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries (MAAIF), primarily through its extension systems. We were closely involved in the evolution of Uganda’s Plan for Modernization of Agriculture (PMA) and subsequently in the formation of the National Agricultural Advisory Services (NAADS).
SG2000-Uganda started in 24 districts, and worked with over 300 government extension staff in 272 sub-counties to support development of over 50,000 smallholder farmers. From 1997-2001, the major development activities involved crop demonstrations, seed multiplication, implements for animal traction, post-harvest handling, and input delivery through private stockists.
In 2001, we launched a program to develop farmer-based organizations to provide members with a range of services, from supplying inputs to diversifying crops and initiating livestock and agroprocessing enterprises to improving market linkages. Twelve One-Stop Center Associations (OSCAs), each made up of 30-40 village-based groups within catchment areas of about 5,000 farmers, were established. During 2001-2008, SG 2000-Uganda focused on establishing the infrastructure for these OSCAs and in leadership capacity building and enterprise development. Enterprise development revolved around seed multiplication and supply (quality protein maize, improved NERICA rice varieties, groundnut and pigeon pea), as well as post-harvest handling, bulk grain marketing and agroprocessing.
SG2000-Uganda was under the leadership of Dr. Michael Foster from 1996 to 2007, who was then succeeded by Emmanuel Kayaako as interim director in 2008, and subsequently by Dr. Sarah Osiya and then Dr. Roselline Nyamutale as Country Directors in 2010 and 2011, respectively.
Current Program Priorities, Activities and Partnerships
The current SG2000 program is aligned with the strategic objectives of SAA. Activities are being developed in five thematic areas:
Crop Productivity Enhancement (Theme 1)
This Theme aims at improving farm productivity by enhancing the capacities of farmers—their crop management and technical skills and knowledge of major agronomic concepts. Special attention is given to women and all field-training activities are focused on effectiveness and efficiency.
During 2010, SG2000-Uganda provided technical support under Theme 1 activities to farmers in 8 districts and 19 sub-counties. The crops to be included in the Farmer Learning Platforms (FLPs) were selected through a bottom-up approach based on farmers’ criteria and market and food security considerations. Maize, beans, upland rice (NERICA), soybeans, groundnuts, cassava, sweet potatoes and millet were included in the Technology Option Plots (TOPs) and Women Assisted Demonstrations (WADs) during 2010.
Technology Option Plots in Uganda, 2010
Women-Assisted Demonstrations in Uganda, 2010
A further 1,680 farmers tested different technologies with rice, maize, groundnut and soybean in Production Test Plots (PTPs) where they were responsible for purchasing the inputs and selecting which components of the TOPs technologies to employ. Technologies in the Farmer Learning Platforms ranged from the timing of farm activities (planting, weeding, etc) to row planting or fertilizer applications. Over 2,100 farmers (43% of them women) attended field days, including farmers, extension advisors, local leaders and input dealers.
Post-harvest Handling and Agroprocessing (Theme 2)
Activities under this Theme promote technologies that are aimed at reducing post-harvest losses, improving product quality, and adding value to produce for improved market access. This requires improving the knowledge and skills of farmers, as well as access to value-adding equipment and infrastructures.
Mitigating post-harvest losses in Uganda – estimated to be between 12 and 25% at the farm level – are a major challenge. Moreover, the majority of the country’s smallholder farmers lack the capacity to engage in agroprocessing activities, which results in most farm produce being sold with little or no added value.
In 2010, needs assessment surveys were carried out in Luwereo district; focus groups were held during which 160 farmers and 6 key informants (district extension officers and district agricultural officers) were interviewed. The needs assessment survey focused on identifying constraints and resources available for improving postharvest systems and promoting agroprocessing enterprises.
Over time, the goal is to establish Post-harvest Extension Learning Platforms where farmers can learn about technologies to reduce post-harvest losses and add value to their produce. 6 of the existing One-Stop Center Associations (OSCAs) now host basic platforms, which will be strengthened to provide post-production training to about 800 farmers.
During 2010, capacity building for the establishment of PHELPs began with the training of 20 women, 10 farmers’ leaders and 10 extension workers, who attended a workshop for training of trainers. Participants will train farmers in various post-harvesting and agroprocessing enterprises in districts where SG2000-Uganda and the WFP Purchase for Progress (P4P) initiative operate.
Farmers attended training workshops on post-harvest handling and quality control in large numbers in all districts where SG2000 works. About 1,730 farmers attended, 56% of whom were women. In 8 districts, training and demonstrations to improve post-harvest handling of various crops attracted over 3,000 farmers.
The SG2000-Uganda is continuing to work with JICA Uganda in piloting the mobile delivery of post-harvest and agroprocessing services. Together the organizations are testing and further developing a mobile rice mill mounted on a small truck that can maneuver through narrow rural roads. This aims to improve accessibility, affordability and timeliness of milling services for farmers in remote areas.
Public-Private Partnerships and Market Access (Theme 3)
Public-Private Partnerships help to harness resources, both human and financial, to provide for the sustainable development of agriculture. SG 2000-Uganda works with various stakeholders in the sectors that support agriculture at various levels of the value chain. The major aim is to promote partnerships that can increase smallholder farmers‘ access to agro-inputs, extension advisory services, and markets.
During 2010, the Theme 3 team in Uganda sought to identify and promote partnerships that will enable better farmer integration along important crop value chains. As a part of this effort, the Program continued to strengthen existing OSCAs and to facilitate smallholder market access.
The Program also helped to strengthen links with WFP’s P4P initiative. Local bulking sites have been established, which are connected to satellite marketing centers that feed into a warehouse receipt system. This supplies discerning buyers like WFP. During 2010 a Memorandum of Understanding was signed with the WFP to increase farmers’ access to grain markets under the P4P initiative.
In 2009, a partnership was launched with the Uganda National Agro-Inputs Dealers Association (UNADA), aimed at strengthening the ability of member dealers to offer sound agricultural advice and to encourage the repackaging of their products with smallholder customers in mind. This was formalized in a Memorandum of Understanding in January 2010. In the 72 districts in the country, a total of 2,061 input dealers or stockists have been identified.
In order to facilitate greater use of fertilizers and other inputs by smallholder farmers, SG2000-Uganda worked with input dealers to repackage input supplies into smaller packs that are more appropriate for smallholder farm sizes and financial means. The Program is now working with the UNADA and other partners to influence national policy on the re-packaging of inputs.
In 2010, SAA developed a curriculum and manual for Training of Trainers (TOTs) for input dealers, which were used to train 27 technical agricultural officers from 16 districts. Trained dealers receive start-up technical support as well as regular monitoring, and can access credit to help expand their enterprises; on the demand side, farmers adopting recommended agricultural practices are directed to identified, trained dealers.
Uganda’s seed production and delivery systems have been in the hands of the private sector for over 10 years, and many private seed companies and agro-input dealers are organized under the umbrella of the Uganda Seed Trade Association (USTA). SG2000-Uganda has a partnership with USTA which aims to strengthen the capacity of seed companies and outgrowers to apply sound agronomic practices and to supply farmer-friendly packages. 3 seed companies were identified to work with SG2000-Uganda, and one of these (Pearl Seeds Ltd) produced inputs for TOPs and WADs. Some 68 women farmers were trained in bean seed production, but unfortunately production on the multiplication plots was severely affected by angular leaf spot and powdery mildew, reducing yields to only 15% of that expected.
Human Resource Development (Theme 4)
Makarere University in Uganda has been a long-time partner in the SAFE program. In 2009, the University began writing instructional materials for a distance learning version of the regular mid-career program. This new delivery mode addresses several problems that have restricted program expansion. One has been the discontinuation of tuition waivers for mid-career staff since administrative decentralization of government services that transferred extension staff from the Ministry to local governments. This has meant that extension agents generally must pay for their study, whereas before it was paid by government. Secondly, Makarere University seeks to increase the proportion of women extension agents taking the course. It is hoped that the distance education version, which is less expensive and can be largely completed away from the university, will better serve mid-career women staff. The distance education BSc in extension course was approved by the University Senate in 2010, and has been sent to the National Council for Higher Education for accreditation.
Monitoring, Evaluation, Learning and Sharing (Theme 5)
MELS is involved in undertaking assessments and facilitating learning along the value chain for SG 2000-Uganda interventions. These include investments in SG 2000 interventions; promotion of technologies among smallholder farmers and service providers; partnerships and market access; and impact of SG 2000-Uganda’s interventions on poverty reduction and food security.
The MELS Theme 5 Coordinator led a needs assessment for Theme 2 (PHAP) in Luwero District. The assessment entailed the development of data collection tools, training of enumerators, pretesting of questionnaires, data collection, entry and analysis. The MELS Theme Coordinator also facilitated and provided training on monitoring and reporting of SG2000 interventions as part of end of season training for extension agents and community-based facilitators.
MELS strategy, concepts and procedures developed. Generic tools and methodologies for data collection are in place and can be deployed when needed.
Important SG 2000-Uganda Achievements
- Approximately 20,000 farm families that have worked with SG 2000 have reliable access to better agricultural inputs such as improved seeds and fertilizers.
- Significant production and productivity impacts have been achieved in maize, rice and field beans. Collaborating farmers have increased maize yields on 12,000 one-acre fields (4,000m2) as follows: from 1.4 to 2.9 t/ha in Mukono, Mpigi, Luwero, and Bugiri districts; from 1.3 to 2.5 t/ha in Iganga district; and from 1.6 to 3.0 t/ha in Masaka district. Collaborating farmers growing NERICA rice have increased yields from 1.4 to 2.5 t/ha. Collaborating farmers growing field beans have increased yields 0.5 to 0.9 t/ha.
- There has been an improvement in the reduction of post-harvest grain losses by smallholder farmers through the construction of 77 storage facilities, 95 drying floors, 144 drying cribs and 148 improved granaries.
- SG2000-Uganda has worked with the World Food Programme’s Purchase for Progress (P4P) program in 6 districts to establish infrastructure/marketing centers and acquire post-harvest/agroprocessing equipment such as grain shellers and cleaners. Two new 100-ton marketing centers with drying and storage structures and 21 cribs have been constructed. Approximately 1,400 farmers were supplied tarpaulins for drying to improve grain quality and 1,500 farmers received training in post-harvest handling methods.
- SG 2000-Uganda assisted 7 higher-level farmer associations to formally register and establish enterprise development operations in their areas of jurisdiction; these associations have a combined membership of 314 farmers groups comprising over 10,000 farmers in total (both women and men).
- Assisted in the establishment of 12 OSCAs (2 in collaboration with the Embassy of Japan, 6 with NAADS; 2 with WFP P4P).
- Developed with Uganda National Agrodealer Association (UNADA) an agro-dealer extension training curriculum for stockists.
- With JICA funding and in association with the National Agricultural Research Organization (NARO), established a mobile rice mill and trained local fabricators and tested rice threshers in the field. Since 2006, JICA volunteers have worked with selected OSCAs to promote rice production, processing and marketing.
- Established linkages with local fabricators, such as Tonnet and National Vocational Training Institute (NVTI) Nakawa, to train local fabricators of post-harvest/agroprocessing equipment.
- Worked with NARO, the Association of Agricultural Research for Eastern and Central Africa (ASARECA) and CIMMYT to popularize improved maize varieties, particularly quality protein maize (QPM) varieties and hybrids.
- Worked with NARO, ICRISAT and Technoserve-Kenya in popularizing improved pigeon pea and groundnuts (serenut series).
- Collaborated with JICA, NARO, the Africa 2000 Network and the Ugandan Vice President’s Office to promote upland rice (NERICA).
- Ongoing collaboration with emerging private seed companies, such as NASECO, Pearl Seeds, Victoria Seeds, FICA, Grow More Seed, East African Seed company, and Mount Elgon Seeds, to encourage the availability and use of improved seeds.